What is Data Loss Prevention?

data loss prevention

Data loss prevention (DLP) is a strategy for ensuring that end users do not send critical or sensitive information outside the corporate network. DLP is also used to describe software products that help a network administrator control what data end users can transfer.

Why Data Loss Prevention Software?

Data loss prevention software identifies potential data breaches/data ex-filtration transmissions and prevents them by monitoring, detecting and blocking sensitive data while in-motion (network traffic), at-rest (data storage), and in-use (endpoint actions). DLP software products employ business rules to classify and protect vital and confidential information so that unauthorized end users cannot maliciously or accidentally share data whose disclosure could put the organization at risk.

How DLP Software Works?

A DLP solution depends on a number of key technologies that enable its engine to correctly identify the sensitive data that enterprises need to secure and adopt remediation action to prevent incidents. Today, DLP solutions employ different technologies. DLP technologies are broadly classified into two categories: Enterprise DLP and Integrated DLP.

  • Enterprise DLP: These solutions are comprehensive and packaged in agent software for servers and desktops, virtual and physical appliances for monitoring networks and email traffic, or soft appliances for data discovery.
  • Integrated DLP: These solutions are limited to secure email gateways (SEGs), secure web gateways (SWGs), enterprise content management (ECM) platforms, data classification tools, data discovery tools, email encryption products, and cloud access security brokers (CASBs).

There are multiple content analysis techniques which can be used to activate policy violations, including:

Rule-Based/Regular Expressions: The most common analysis technique employed in DLP involves an engine’s analyzing content for particular rules such as 9-digit US social security numbers, 16-digit credit card numbers, etc. This technique is considered to be an exceptional first-pass filter since the rules can be configured and processed swiftly, even though they can be prone to high false positive rates without checksum validation to detect valid patterns.

Conceptual/Lexicon: Using a combination of rules, dictionaries, etc., these policies are capable of alerting on completely unstructured ideas that challenge simple categorization. It will have to be customized for the DLP solution provided.

Statistical Analysis: Employs machine learning or other statistical methods such as Bayesian analysis to activate policy violations in secure content.

Pre-built categories: Pre-built categories with dictionaries and rules for common types of sensitive data, such as HIPAA, credit card numbers/PCI protection, etc.

Database Fingerprinting: This technique is also known as Exact Data Matching. It looks at exact matches from a database dump or live database. This is an option for structured data from databases even though database dumps or live database connections affect performance.

Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

Why Organizations Need Data Loss Prevention?

Business organizations go through major financial losses and reputational damage when they experience loss of sensitive data and other forms of enterprise information. Companies are now very much aware of these dangers and hence data protection has become the most trending topic, however many organizations fail to completely understand the business case for Data Loss Prevention (DLP) initiatives. Given below are some of the key reasons why an organization needs DLP:

  • DLP technology provides IT and security staff with a 360-degree view of the flow, location, and usage of data across the enterprise. It is capable of checking network actions against an organization’s security policies, and also enables you to protect and control sensitive data, including personally identifiable information (PII), financial data, customer information, and intellectual property.
  • When used along with complementary controls, DLP enables preventing the accidental exposure of personal information across all devices. Wherever data lives, DLP has the potential to monitor it and majorly reduce the risk of data loss.
  • Technology controls are becoming essential to attain compliance in specific areas. DLP provides these controls, including policy templates and maps that automate compliance, address particular requirements, and enable the collection and reporting of metrics.
  • DLP provides updated policy templates and maps that address specific requirements, help in the collection and reporting of metrics, and automate compliance. After a policy need is detected, DLP can make the modification as simple as helping a suitable policy template on your system.
  • When organizations fail to adopt the necessary steps to detect sensitive data and protect it from misuse or loss, they are actually risking their potential to compete. Companies that obtain data protection and privacy right can boost their brand reputation and resilience going forward. However, those that get it wrong are likely to end up in financial loss and reputational damage. DLP thus enables protecting critical data and preventing negative publicity and loss of revenue that certainly follow data breaches.

Top 5 Best Data Loss Prevention Software

MyDLP from Comodo This is an all-in-one DLP solution that enables blocking any data flow containing social security numbers, credit card numbers, or any sensitive information.

Symantec Data Loss Prevention Symantec is known for its cybersecurity offerings, both in the business and consumer world. You will also be able to see where data is stored throughout your business, considering the mobile, cloud, and multiple endpoints.

Trustwave Data Loss Prevention This DLP solution from Trustwave provides companies with the tools they need to identify, monitor and secure data while complying with external and internal regulations.

McAfee Total Protection for Data Loss Prevention This DLP solution from McAfee is highly scalable and can be customized according to your company’s requirements. It is considered to be an intelligent system capable of identifying and prioritizing more sensitive data.

Check Point Data Loss Prevention Check Point’s DLP solution incorporates a wide range of cybersecurity processes to enable businesses prevent data leak or prevent sending data accidentally to the wrong person.

Data Loss Prevention: Protecting All the Endpoints

Endpoint Security (or) Endpoint Protection refers to the technique of protecting a business network when accessed by remote devices like laptops, tablets, smartphones, or other wireless devices. It deals with monitoring status, activities, and software. The endpoint protection software is installed on all endpoint devices and on all network servers.

With the spread of mobile devices like smartphones, tablets, notebooks, laptops etc., there has also been a major increase in the number of devices being stolen or lost. These incidents eventually highlight the huge loss of sensitive data for enterprises, which permit their employees to bring in their mobile devices into their enterprise.

This problem can be solved when enterprises decide to secure the enterprise data available on the mobile devices of their employees in such a way that even if the device gets into the hands of the wrong person, the data should continue to be secured. This process of securing enterprise endpoints is thus called endpoint security.

To effectively protect employee and customer data, Comodo has developed MyDLP – an all-in-one DLP solution. MyDLP is available with the following key benefits:

  • Blocks any data flow comprising of social security numbers, credit card numbers, or any sensitive information.
  • Allows customers to confidently and comfortably share their financial and personal information.
  • Prevents sensitive data from leaking through endpoint devices or network connections.
  • Provides data security for mail, printers, removable devices, web, and more.
  • You train MyDLP with your private files just once, and MyDLP will protect them forever. No one will be able to transfer them outside your network.

data loss prevention software

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What is Malicious Software?

Malicious Software

The words “Malicious Software” coin the word “Malware” and the meaning remains the same. Malicious Software refers to any malicious program that causes harm to a computer system or network. Malicious Malware Software attacks a computer or network in the form of viruses, worms, trojans, spyware, adware or rootkits.

Their mission is often targeted at accomplishing unlawful tasks such as robbing protected data, deleting confidential documents or add software without the user consent.

malicious software

Different Types of Malicious Software

Computer Virus

A computer virus is a malicious software which self-replicates and attaches itself to other files/programs. It is capable of executing secretly when the host program/file is activated. The different types of Computer virus are Memory-Resident Virus, Program File Virus, Boot Sector Virus, Stealth Virus, Macro Virus, and Email Virus.


A worm is a malicious software which similar to that of a computer virus is a self-replicating program, however, in the case of worms, it automatically executes itself. Worms spread over a network and are capable of launching a cumbersome and destructive attack within a short period.

Trojan Horses

Unlike a computer virus or a worm – the trojan horse is a non-replicating program that appears legitimate. After gaining the trust, it secretly performs malicious and illicit activities when executed. Hackers make use of trojan horses to steal a user’s password information, destroy data or programs on the hard disk. It is hard to detect!


Spyware secretly records information about a user and forwards it to third parties. The information gathered may cover files accessed on the computer, a user’s online activities or even user’s keystrokes.

Adware as the name interprets displays advertising banners while a program is running. Adware can also work like spyware, it is deployed to gather confidential information. Basically, to spy on and gather information from a victim’s computer.


A rootkit is a malicious software that alters the regular functionality of an OS on a computer in a stealthy manner. The altering helps the hacker to take full control of the system and the hacker acts as the system administrator on the victim’s system. Almost all the rootkits are designed to hide their existence.

Malicious Software History

Even before the internet became widespread, malicious software (virus) was infected on personal computers with the executable boot sectors of floppy disks. Initially, the computer viruses were written for the Apple II and Macintosh devices. After the IBM PC and MS-DOS system became more widespread they were also targeted in the similar fashion.

The first worms originated on multitasking Unix systems, they were the first network-borne infectious programs too. SunOS and VAX BSD systems were infected by the first well-known worm of the time called the Internet Worm of 1988. Ever since the advent of Microsoft Windows platform in the 1990s, the infectious codes were written in the macro language of Microsoft Word and similar programs.

Methods of protection against malicious software

Malicious Software is definitely a security threat for corporate users and individuals, thereby detecting and fighting malware remains on top of the agenda for many firms. Since the time BYOD culture started to flourish, Endpoint Security and Endpoint Protection have become the topics of discussion in many IT conference rooms. Many corporates today try to implement the best Endpoint Security or Endpoint Protection software to steer clear of the dangers.

Remember, if it is an individual system, it is essential to have an antivirus installed and if you already have one in place see to that it is updated at regular intervals. This approach will help you to remain safe during new breakouts. Comodo’s Free Antivirus, Endpoint Security, Endpoint Protection Solutions are your best option for detecting and fighting malicious software. For more details visit our official page!

What is Malicious Software

Endpoint Detection and Response

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