What is Zero Trust Security?

what is zero trust

Zero Trust is a security concept centered on the fact that organizations should not automatically trust anything outside and inside its perimeters and instead must verify everything trying to connect to its systems prior to granting access. This extra layer of protection has been established to prevent data breaches.

Businesses are presently functioning more differently than they did just a few years ago. We find that devices, employees, and also applications are no longer locked inside the corporate perimeter. They are all on the web and hence a unique approach is needed to provide security for a whole new type of anywhere, anytime workers and cloud-based applications. Organizations are now moving away from solutions that secure the perimeter and are instead going towards employing a zero trust model in order to protect sensitive data and resources.

Zero Trust Definition

A zero trust security solution constantly evaluates trust every time a device or user requests access to a resource. This method prevents attackers from exploiting vulnerabilities in the perimeter to gain entry and then access confidential data and applications.

What is Zero Trust?

Key Principles and Technologies Behind Zero Trust Security

Zero trust security follows two key concepts: Never trust machines or users automatically, and least-privilege access.  Attackers exist within and outside the network and hence one should not automatically trust machines or users. Users should be given only limited access that they need in order to minimize each user’s exposure to sensitive parts of the network.

Multi-factor authentication  (MFA) is another key concept followed by zero trust security. This procedure will need additional evidence in order to authenticate a user. Hence, access cannot be gained by just entering a password. MFA is mostly used in the 2-factor authorization (2FA) employed on common online platforms like Google and Facebook. Besides entering a password, users who have enabled 2FA for these services will also have to enter a code sent to another device, thus supplying two bits of evidence that they are who they claim to be.

zero trust network architecture firm controls on device access. It will have to assess how different devices are attempting to gain access to their network and also guarantee that every device is authorized. This further reduces the attack surface of the network.

The concept of microsegmentation  is also employed by zero trust network architecture. This concept refers to the process of breaking up security perimeters into small zones in order to maintain separate access for separate parts of the network. For instance, a network containing files existing in a single data center that employs microsegmentation may comprise of dozens of separate, secure zones.

Security and Business Benefits offered by Zero Trust Security

Zero trust security will provide enterprises with the following security and business benefits:

  • Reduce complexity of the security stack Applying security with legacy technologies is greatly expensive and complicated. The standard perimeter mostly consists of hardware or virtual appliances for access control, security mechanisms, and application delivery and performance utilities. To operate in a global setting, these security stacks will have to be repeated for redundancy and high availability across data centers and regions. Each of these components will have to be separately purchased, installed, configured, and deployed for each data center in several localities. Administrators will be responsible for managing all of this equipment in-house by handling ongoing monitoring, troubleshooting, upgrades, and patching. Cloud-based zero trust models are capable of removing that complexity by moving all of these functions to a cloud-services approach.
  • Resolve security skills shortage With the ongoing spread of cybercrimes, threats are becoming more refined and tools are also available to help criminals in developing, installing, and monetizing templated attacks, such as ransomware-as-a-service and malware-as-a-service. It is employed in the cloud and because of this, organizations that adopt this process need not install a complicated stack of security equipment used for protecting all data centers. To secure all of their data, users, devices, and applications, organizations can just use a single service in the cloud. Besides decreasing the number of security professionals needed for monitoring, handling, updating, securing, and improving security controls, organizations employing zero trust will also be able to retask resources, assign business-critical efforts, and carry out proactive planning measures in order to more senior members of IT, eventually reducing costs.
  • Protect business and customer data After successfully getting onto an end-user machine within the firewall, malware will go ahead and exfiltrate customer data to a command and control (CnC) server placed outside of the network. Permitting sensitive and confidential customer data to go into the wrong hands can have grave consequences for both your business and your customers. Hence, zero trust security will help in safeguarding all such details and preventing them from being misused.
  • Deliver excellent security and end-user experience Users compromise on security when they try to remember complicated passwords by writing them down, or even by using easy-to-remember passwords. Secure access, ease to use, and productivity. Cloud-based zero trust architecture is known to enhance the performance and help deliver a continuous user experience across a wide range of devices and network conditions.
  • Lower breach detection time and attain visibility into enterprise traffic Zero trust follows the principle that location is not an indicator of trust, hence the network is presumed to be hostile. The principle of “trust but verify” is replaced with “always verify and never trust”, with visibility being the foundation of verification.

What does Zero Trust Mean to an Organization?

With zero trust solutions you will be able to gain greater control in your cloud environment. It is customized for all network types. It limits communication by permitting only workloads confirmed by their identity fingerprint to communicate. Zero trust architecture is application workload centric and because of this security teams have superior control over the application workload itself. It is not controlled by static network constructs that cause it to slow down. Adding 2-factor authentication and several other verification techniques will increase your potential to correctly verify users.

With zero trust cybersecurity solutions, organizations will thus be able to attain the security they need to protect their data and resources in today’s distributed organization. They will also be able to realize considerable business benefits. Besides enhancing visibility across the enterprise and lowering the breach detection time, enterprises will also be able to decrease the complexity of
their security stack, protect customer data to avoid reputational damage and major financial losses, and minimize the impact of the security skills shortage. At the same time, businesses will also enhance user experience and facilitate migration to the cloud.To help your organization gain benefits from a zero trust network, we at Comodo offer you with our endpoint security management, Provide Strong which focuses on effectively securing different endpoints, thereby securing a network by blocking access attempts and other risky activities at endpoints.

Endpoint security systems are a growing necessity in today’s threat landscape. With more enterprises employing practices like BYOD, endpoint security is thus becoming greatly relevant. Employees presently connect to company networks using their mobile devices or laptops, from their homes and also while traveling. Under such situations, security perimeters are likely to be undefinable and ever-shifting, and a centralized security solution will just not be suitable. This is where security endpoints come in as they will focus on supplementing centralized security measures along with extra layers of protection at endpoints, which are not just entry points for attacks and threats, but also points of outlet for sensitive data.

Comodo Advanced Endpoint Security software is available with seven layers of defense that include:

  • Web URL Filtering: Advanced interface to develop rules as needed.
  • Firewall: Offers supreme security against outbound and inbound threats, blocks personal data transmission by malicious software, and manages network connections.
  • Containment with auto-sandboxing: All unrecognized applications and processes are auto-sandboxed to run in a controlled environment.
  • Antivirus: Provides multiple technology-based automatic detection, cleansing and quarantining of doubtful files to eliminate viruses and malware.
  • Host Intrusion Protection System (HIPS): Monitors significant operating system activities to guarantee protection against malware intrusion.
  • File Lookup Services (FLS): Cloud-based instant analysis of strange files that checks file reputation against Comodo’s master blacklists and whitelist.

Zero Trust Architecture

What Is Endpoint Security? and Why Is It Crucial Today?

What is Endpoint Security

Endpoint security refers to the approach of protecting an endpoint business network when accessed by remote devices like smartphones, laptops, tablets or other wireless devices. It includes monitoring status, software, and activities.

The endpoint protection software is installed on all network servers and on all endpoint devices.

With the proliferation of mobile devices like laptops, smartphones, tablets, notebooks etc., there has been a sharp increase in the number of devices being lost or stolen as well. These incidents potentially translate as huge loss of sensitive data for enterprises which allow their employees to bring in these mobile devices (enterprise-provided or otherwise) into their enterprise.

About Endpoint Security

To solve this problem, enterprises have to secure the enterprise data available on these mobile devices of their employees in such a way that even if the device falls into the wrong hands, the data should stay protected. This process of securing enterprise endpoints is known as endpoint security.

Apart from this it also helps enterprises successfully prevent any misuse of their data which they’ve made available on the employee’s mobile devices. (Example: a disgruntled employee trying to cause nuisance to the enterprise or someone who may be a friend of the employee trying to misuse the enterprise data available on the device).

Endpoint Security Definition

Endpoint Security is often confused with a number of other network security tools like antivirus, firewall, and even network security. In this page, we list some of the differences between endpoint security (or) endpoint protection and the network against various evolving security threats of today.

Why Is It Called ‘Endpoint’ Security?

As you can realize, every device which can connect to a network poses a considerable danger. And as these devices are placed outside of the corporate firewall on the edge of the network using which individuals have to connect to the central network, they are called as endpoints. Meaning endpoints of that network.

As already stated endpoint can be any mobile device ranging from laptops to the notebooks of today, which can be connected to a network. And the strategy you employ in security these endpoints is known as ‘endpoint security’.

Endpoint Security Is Not The Same As Antivirus

Although the objective of endpoint security solutions is the same – secure devices – there is a considerable difference between endpoint security and antivirus. Antivirus is about protecting PC(s), – single or many depending upon the type of antivirus being deployed – whereas endpoint security covers the entire picture. It’s about securing every aspect of the network.

Endpoint security usually includes ‘provisions for application whitelisting, network access control, endpoint detection and response’, things which are usually not available in antivirus packages. It can also be said that antivirus packages are simpler forms of endpoint security.

Endpoint Security Is Different For Consumers and Enterprises

Endpoint security solutions can be broadly classified into 2 different types. One for the consumers and the other for enterprises. The major difference between the two is that there’s no centralized management and administration for consumers, whereas, for enterprises, centralized management is necessary. This central administration (or server) streamlines the configuration or installation of endpoint security software on individual endpoint devices and performance logs and other alerts are sent to the central administration server for evaluation and analysis.

What Do These Endpoint Security Solutions Typically Contain?

While there’s certainly no limit to what endpoint security can contain – and this list is only going to expand in the future – there are some applications which are core to any endpoint security solution. (Because, well, securing a network is altogether a different ball game from securing a computer).

Some of these applications are firewalls, antivirus tools, internet security tools, mobile device management tools, encryption, intrusion detection tools, mobile security solutions etc, to name a few.

Traditional Vs Modern Endpoint Security

This is a no-brainer. Yet something which needs to be pointed out. Because enterprises are often reluctant to changes. Even if it is for their own good. But endpoint security is one area where enterprises have no choice but to adopt the modern endpoint security. Because they are much more than just an anti-malware tool which can go a long way in securing your network against various evolving security threats of today.

Difference between Endpoint Security and Antivirus

Antivirus is one of the components of endpoint security. Whereas endpoint security is a much broader concept including not just antivirus but many security tools (like Firewall, HIPS system, White Listing tools, Patching and Logging/Monitoring tools etc.,) for safeguarding the various endpoints of the enterprise (and the enterprise itself against these endpoints) and from different types of security threats.

More precisely, endpoints security employs a server/client model for protecting the various endpoints of the enterprise. The server would have a master instant of the security program and the clients (endpoints) would have agents installed within them. These agents would communicate with the server the respective devices’ activities like the devices’ health, user authentication/authorization etc., and thus keep the endpoints secure.

Whereas antivirus is usually a single program responsible for scanning, detecting and removing viruses, malware, adware, spyware, ransomware and other such malware. Simply put, antivirus is a one-stop shop for securing your home networks, and endpoint security is suitable for securing enterprises, which are larger and much more complex to handle.

Difference between Endpoint Security and Network Security

Endpoint security is about securing your enterprise endpoints (mobile devices like laptops, smartphones and more) – and, of course, the enterprise against the dangers posed by these endpoints as well – whereas network security is about taking security measures for protecting your entire network (the whole IT infrastructure) against various security threats.

The main difference between endpoint security and network security is that in the case of former, the focus in on securing endpoints, and in the case of latter, the focus is on securing the network. Both types of security are important. Ideally, it’s best to start from securing the endpoints and building out. You wouldn’t leave the doors to your home open, just because there’s a security guard out there, would you? In the same sense, both are important and should be given equal importance, starting from the endpoints and slowly building out.

In very simple terms, your network would be secure only if your endpoints are secured first. This you should make note of before starting to look for endpoint security and network security products.

Difference between Endpoint Security and Firewall

Firewalls are responsible for filtering the traffic flowing into and going out of your network based on ‘a set of security rules’. Like, for example, restricting traffic flowing into the network from a particular potentially dangerous website. Whereas endpoint security concerns itself not just with network filtering but performs many other tasks like patching, logging, and monitoring etc., for safeguarding the endpoints.

Both antivirus and firewall are crucial elements of endpoint security. Their objective remains the same, though the model adopted (client/server model) and the number of computers they protect differ. And within the endpoint security model, operating with other security tools, they become even more efficient.

Advanced Endpoint Protection Software

Comodo AEP – Get Complete Protection!

Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (Comodo AEP), Get complete protection for every endpoint on your network.

→ Free Trial for 30 days

→ 7-Layers Endpoint Security Platform

→ Default Deny Security

→ Cloud-based Advanced Malware Analysis

Get Free Trial

Difference between Endpoint Security and Endpoint Protection

Both are pretty much the same. Their primary objective is the same – to safeguard the endpoints as well as the enterprise against the dangers they pose. But there is a subtle difference. Endpoint security usually refers to an on-premise solution. Whereas Endpoint Protection refers to a cloud-based solution.

An on-premise solution is a solution which has to be installed on the network for deployment and a cloud-based solution is one which is available in the cloud and enterprises have to subscribe to it.

Windows 10 and Endpoint Security

Windows 10 although proclaimed to be the safest Windows OS is not without its flaws. Security experts have proved that the in-built security features of Windows like Windows Defender, Firewall etc., too are proving ineffective. Therefore enterprises making use of Windows 10 OS need endpoint security for safeguarding the various endpoints which connect to the network and for safeguarding the network itself.

Why Your Windows – Not Just Windows 10 – Needs Endpoint Security?

Inbuilt Windows Security is never going to be sufficient. Because the security attack vectors of today are just too many to be handled. Which means we no longer live in a world where e-mail attachments or web downloads are the only sources of malware infection. Simply put, your windows OS needs additional layers of protection in the form of antivirus for windows or, maybe, much more, depending on your requirements.

With this in mind, let’s take a look at how you can protect your Windows OS from various security threats:

  1. Keep Your Windows OS Up-to-Date: Today it’s Windows 10. Tomorrow there’ll be another new version. Whatever it may be, ensure your PC is updated to the latest version. This is probably the next best thing you can do apart from providing antivirus for windows. Because the latest update is usually the one which safeguards users against all known security vulnerabilities.
  2. Ensure Other Applications Are Up-to-Date: What’s inside of your Windows OS too matters. We mean other main programs and applications. Ensure all of them are updated and contain the latest security patches. Because it’s a well-known fact that hackers try to exploit popular software like Java, Adobe Flash, Adobe Acrobat etc.,
  3. Use Proactive Security Solution: Unfortunately traditional antivirus alone is not going to be enough. Especially when it comes to combating modern-day malware which employs sophisticated methods. Therefore to tackle the ever-changing cybersecurity threat landscape, users need proactive security solutions like internet security (for home users) and endpoint protection (for enterprises).
  4. Use Local Account Instead Of Microsoft Account: If you are using Windows 10, it’s best to avoid Microsoft account and instead opt for a Local account, as using Microsoft account means saving some of your personal details on the cloud, which is not such a wise thing to do. To opt for a local account, visit: Settings>Accounts>”Your info and select ‘Sign in with a local account instead”.
  5. Keep User Account Control Always Turned On: UAC (User Account Control) is a Windows security responsible for preventing unauthorized changes (initiated by applications, users, viruses or other forms of malware) to the operating system. It ensures changes are applied to the operating system only with the approval of the administrator. Therefore keep it turned ON always.
  6. Perform Regular Back-Ups: Prepare yourself with the ‘worst’ in mind when it comes to dealing with security threats. Therefore perform regular backups of your system (both online and offline) so that all your data is not lost in case your PC(s) are badly affected by security threats or encounter an irreparable hardware issue.
  7. Keep Your Browser Updated: Browsers are what we use to access the internet. Therefore security vulnerabilities in them mean entry path for security threats. Therefore, just as with OS and other applications, keep your web browser updated as well. Other security measures you can take: 1) opt for private browsing mode to prevent sensitive details from being stored 2) prevent or block pop-ups 3) configure web browser security settings to improve security etc.,
  8. Turn Off Location Tracking: If you are using Windows 10 or any other version which contains Location Tracking, it’s best to turn it Off or use it only when it is absolutely necessary. For example, if you want to know about the local weather or the various shops nearby etc., To turn off Location Tracking, go to Privacy >> Location >> click Change button and move the slider from On to Off.
  9. Use The Internet Wisely: All of the security measures listed here would become useless if you don’t exercise caution while online. Therefore ensure you don’t click on dangerous looking links, download malicious email attachments or other web downloads, avoid visiting suspicious looking websites and any other action which the current security practices deem as unwise.

Windows OS is probably the best and that is why it is hugely popular and has so much following – despite the security threats. And there’s nothing wrong with sticking to your favorite OS. Just ensure you beef it up with the right security products like Comodo Endpoint Protection and follow the security best practices. These will ensure your Windows OS stays safe no matter what.

About Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP)

Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP), which comes equipped with impressive security features, is the best endpoint protection or security tool available in the IT security market. Backed by Containment technology, all the unknown (and therefore suspicious) files are run within virtual containers without affecting the host system’s resources or user data.

Security Features:

  • Antivirus Scanning:Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP) has an antivirus scanning feature capable of scanning endpoints against a massive list of known good and bad files compiled from years as the world’s largest certificate authority and from the 85 million endpoints deployed worldwide.
  • VirusScope behavioral analysis: Uses techniques such as API hooking, DLL injection prevention, and more to identify indicators of compromise while keeping the endpoint safe and without affecting usability
  • Valkyrie verdict decision engine: While running in auto-containment, unknown files are uploaded to a global threat cloud for real-time analysis, returning a verdict within 45 seconds for 95% of the files submitted.
  • Human analysis: In the 5% of cases where VirusScope and Valkyrie are unable to return a verdict, the file can be sent to researchers for human analysis who make a determination within SLA timelines.
  • Host intrusion prevention: Rules-based HIPS that monitors application activities and system processes, blocking those that are malicious by halting actions that could damage critical system components.
  • Personal packet filtering firewall: Provides granular management of inbound and outbound network activities, hides system ports from scans, and provides warnings when suspicious activities are detected. Can be administered remotely or by a local administrator

Device Management and Application Security

Device management and application security are central to endpoint security. And both these factors are given equal importance. ‘Strong mobile policies, easy-to-implement default profiles, over-the-air enrollment, antitheft provision, remote data wipe and many other features ensure comprehensive device management. Whereas features like ‘application inventory, application blacklisting and whitelisting, remote management, patch management ensure comprehensive application management as well.

Minimum System Requirements

Comodo Application Endpoint Protection (AEP) is extremely lightweight and therefore has minimum requirements. They are: 384 MB available RAM, 210 MB hard disk space for both 32-bit and 64-bit versions, CPU with SSE2 support, Internet Explorer version 5.1 or above.

Compatible With All Operating Systems

Comodo AEP is compatible with all versions of Windows. Be it Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista or XP. Compatible with Android, Linux and Windows server editions (like Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 R2 etc,.) as well.

Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP) Related Statistics

Our Comodo AEP performance survey indicates that each year 85 Million endpoints are being protected our security software. Its verdict on analyzing unknown files correctly is an astounding 100% and the time taken to return each individual verdict is only 45 seconds. If these stats fail to impress you, you can try out Comodo AEP for a free 30-day trial period and see for yourself how it performs.

Or if you prefer to set up a demo or proof-of-concept project, contact us at EnterpriseSolutions@comodo.com or +1 888-256-2608.

Secure Your Enterprise Endpoints!

Why Endpoint Protection for Enterprise?

Website Backup

Website Status

Check Website Safety

Backdoor Website

Website safety

HTTPS

Endpoint Detection and Response