What Ransomware Allows Hackers to Do?

How to avoid ransomware

You probably have heard of a malware attack that locks a computer owner out and requests for a ransom before lifting the restriction. This is what ransomware does on a computer. The malware is programmed to encrypt your computer files, deny you access to them and leaves a message on your screen requesting for ransom.

So, what does ransomware allow hackers to do? The person behind the malware who is the supposed hacker develops the malware and looks for prey. Once the malware gets to your computer, the hacker can view your files and encrypt them to block your access to them.

Basically, ransomware malware aids a hacker to carry out his fraudulent deeds.

Ransomware Attacks

Phishing has been the most successful method of ransomware attacks. Here is a breakdown of the various phishing methods deployed by ransomware attackers.


These days, it’s common to receive several emails from unknown identities. While some of these emails are from marketers trying to push their products and services to the public, other emails are from scammers. In the case of ransomware, the attacker would embed malicious codes in the attachments and send them to unsuspecting people. This is a trick to get the malware to your computer. Opening the attachment transfers the ransomware malware to your computer and hence the attack.

Cold Calls

Another method of phishing is through cold calling. The criminals may impersonate your service provider to get information from you or send links asking you to verify your account or anything related.

Social Engineering

Though social media has its good site, it has been infiltrated by cybercriminals roaming around to find victims. You may get ransomware to your computer through infected links from groups and inbox messages. You should be careful of links you click or applications you download on social media.

Cracked Software

Are you a fan of cracked software sites? You risk being infected by malware anytime soon. Most cracked software websites are operated by cybercriminals. You may think they’re doing you well, but their original intent is to monitor your computer after downloading the software. They may add malicious codes to the cracked software, which means your information is tracked and could result in a malware attack. Apart from the original creators having access to your information, cracked software also leaves loopholes for other cybercriminals to attack you, as your version of the software isn’t updated.

Developers of these software release updates on the go—to patch security loopholes.


Pop-ups from websites are not originally harmful, but some internet thieves have taken advantage of it to launch malware attacks. You may stumble on a webpage displaying a pop up about software that needs to be updated. Be careful, that’s usually a trick by attackers. In the past, Adobe flash was used to attack so many computer users. The criminals displayed pop-ups asking users to update Adobe flash, but that was actually a malware.

Do Hackers Release Ceased Data After Payment of the Ransom?

Most of the attacks saw the release of data after the ransom was paid. However, there are some reports where the criminals couldn’t release the data. If you’re attacked by ransomware, and you know your data aren’t backed up, it’s best to respond swiftly to avoid losing your data.

But you shouldn’t be a victim. The best thing is to protect your data from ransomware attacks and other forms of malware attacks.

How to Defend Against Ransomware

Though ransomware criminals have developed codes that are difficult to crack, and most of the time, beat antiviruses and firewalls to infect computers, you can still prevent its occurrence. This is through cybersecurity and other advanced security methods.

To begin, you want to ensure you avoid opening unverified emails. Caution your employees and train them on this as well. Other than that, you need to:

Update all your software

Outdated software is vulnerable to malware attacks; that’s why the developers release updates periodically. Ensure you update once new versions are available.

Use stronger passwords

Weak passwords are easily guessed. You want to prevent that by using strong passwords that contain numbers, text and special characters.

Avoid using public Wi-Fi

Public Wi-Fi can sell you out to cybercriminals. Avoid using it.

Back-Up Your Data

This is paramount to give you an alternative in case of unusual events.

Upgrade your security system

Upgrading your security system entails moving to advanced endpoint protection. Since traditional security systems may fail to stop some malware, you need advanced security systems that use high-security technology like AI, IoT, etc., to monitor and halt sophisticated malware like ransomware.

You can learn more about advanced endpoint protection here.

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5 Questions to Ask When Evaluating Endpoint Protection Vendors

malware removal software

So you are an enterprise in search of endpoint security. Now the biggest problem you’ll be faced with is that there are so many endpoint vendors out there in the IT security market, that choosing one – the right one – will seem like a near impossible task. To solve this problem, in this blog, we’re providing a list of quality questions to help you easily evaluate endpoint vendors and end up selecting the right endpoint security tool which will protect your enterprise efficiently.

  1. What Makes Up Your Endpoint Security Software? Probably the most important question that will give you an idea of how the endpoint security will work, the various security tools it makes use of, the technologies it adopts and other such information.  A good endpoint security will be a mixture of  antivirus, firewall, and internet security among others – and will usually include several technologies like intrusion detection techniques and granular application control, etc. If the endpoint protection vendor answers positively, then you can use the solution without any hesitation. 
  2. How Does Your Endpoint Security Prevent Malware And Zero-Day Threats? Ask the endpoint protection vendors how their security solution prevents malware and zero-day threats. It’s not enough just to know how the endpoint security prevents malware and zero-day threats, it’s important to know how they do it as well. 
  3. How Well Does Your Endpoint Security Function In a Virtualized Environment? Some endpoint security solutions may not function effectively in a virtualized environment. Some functionality may be lost or other operational problems may surface. If this is the case, then it’s better to avoid such solutions. And it goes without saying that a good endpoint security should function well in virtualized environments. 
  4. Is Your Endpoint Security Compatible With All Devices? Another question to ask endpoint vendors is about compatibility. Because a typical network contains many devices – both workstations and mobile ones – and therefore any endpoint security solution not compatible with a particular type of device will be of no use. In other words, your endpoint security should be compatible with all the devices.
  5. What About Scalability? Finally, never forget to question your prospective endpoint vendors regarding scalability. Because, after all, your enterprise is never going to be of the same size. It will eventually expand, as you progress. Therefore this is an important factor and, moreover, a good endpoint security software should be scalable.


Comodo’s Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP) comes equipped with impressive security features – like Containment, Host Intrusion Prevention, Signature/Behavior-based Detection and more – that easily make it the best endpoint protection tool in the IT security industry. Above all, Comodo AEP addresses all the above questions in an emphatic manner. Therefore enterprises like you can, without any hesitation, choose Comodo AEP as your endpoint vendor in order to take your enterprise security to the next level.

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What is Firewall Security?

what is firewall security

Firewall Definition: In the computing world, the terminology firewall security refers to a network device that blocks certain kinds of network traffic.

What Does a Firewall Do?

Actually, it acts as a barrier between a trusted and an untrusted network. The firewall security wall can be compared to a physical firewall in the sense that firewall security tries to block the spread of computer attacks.

Today, businesses have understood the need for firewall security, thereby they have firewall protection in place.

4 Different Types of Firewall Security

what is firewall security

There are four different types of firewalls, keep reading to know about the similarities and differences between the four basic types of firewalls:

1. Packet filtering firewalls

The original type of firewall security is the Packet filtering firewalls which works inline at linking points where devices such as routers and switches do their work. It contains a list of firewall security rules that can stop traffic based on IP protocol, IP address and/or port number.

In other words, the Packet filtering firewalls compare each packet received to a set of established criteria. The troublesome Packets are flagged and are not forwarded and, therefore, are ceased to exist. On the brighter note, it better to have intrusion prevention in place alongside the firewall security to distinguish between regular web traffic and bad web traffic.

In an enterprise network, endpoint security or endpoint protection can be easily achieved using this.

2. Stateful inspection firewalls

The speciality of Stateful firewall is that it examines each packet like the Packet filtering firewalls and also keeps a track of whether or not that the packet is part of that particular established TCP session. In comparison other firewall security this offers more security but imposes a greater toll on network performance.

3. Deep packet inspection firewall

The Deep packet inspection firewall which is similar to intrusion prevention technology, examines the data in the packet, and can, therefore, look at application layer attacks. Due to its similarity with intrusion prevention technology, it is obvious that it provides some of the same functionality.

4. Application-level gateways

Technically a proxy, it is sometimes referred to as a proxy firewall protection. The Application-level gateways comprise a few of the attributes of packet filtering firewalls with those of circuit-level gateways.

One noticeable disadvantage is that the gateways that filter at the application layer offer significant data security, but they can dramatically affect network performance.

5 Benefits of Firewall Security

  1. Block attacks on your private network forced by other networks
  2. Define a funnel and set-aside the non-authorized users.
  3. Let firewall security monitor the network and computer and when questionable activity befalls, it will automatically generate an alarm.
  4. Monitor and document services using FTP (File Transfer Protocol), WWW (World Wide Web), and other protocols.
  5. Control the use of the Internet. Simply block inappropriate content.

Endpoint Firewall Protection

Comodo Endpoint Firewall Protection is the best choice that you have to watch-on and control all the network connections. It enables you to block or allow the traffic according to the rules configured. Further, it successfully deploys the detection and blocking rules required to oversee intrusions and network virus attacks that Trojans employ to infect.

Comodo Firewall is offered in the Comodo Endpoint Security Manager suite, beside the antivirus protection and centralized management. Matousec – a project run by a group of security experts who are focused on improving the security of end-users tested 33 PC firewalls, including Comodo Internet Security, each with 84 different tests. For the first time ever, a PC Security product has attained a perfect score, defending PCs against all proactive security challenges. We invite you to test it for yourself by downloading the endpoint protection on five Endpoints for free!

What Is Endpoint Security

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How does cyborg ransomware work?

What is Cyborg Ransomware

It’s no news in the 21st century that malware, such as ransomware and other current virus threats have been circulating in the interweb tainting the technological experience that the internet has opened up for mankind. Suddenly, questions like “what is Cyborg ransomware?” or “How can I protect my computer?” become a major concern for the populace. A ransomware attack can come at any time in many ways and the statistics of its casualties are on a steady rise. By learning “what is Cyborg ransomware?” and other malicious software, you are giving yourself a better handle on your device security, as malware can also be inflicted on your mobile phones or tablets. Harvesting knowledge and taking responsibility in your own safety can save you the trouble of having to deal with the extraneous process of having to deal with a ransomware attack or any of the current virus threats that may result in a loss of income or savings on your part. This is why learning more about “what is Cyborg ransomware?” should take priority in building a better defense for your computer.

What is Cyborg Ransomware

What is Cyborg ransomware?

Cyborg ransomware is one of the multiple variants of malware. Malware, or malicious software, is software that directs harm to its intended operational systems or other software. Most malware is used to extort digital currencies, such as BitCoins or LiteCoin, but ransomware, in particular, demonstrates it in a specific manner. Cyborg ransomware, like other strains of ransomware, starts with encryption. Code makers with the intent to perform a ransomware attack create a code that once enabled will encrypt all the data it can find which prohibits the owners of the data access to it. In Cyborg ransomware, file names are changed by adding .petra. This will let you know that the files are compromised. Current virus threats have similar procedures, which means that if you notice any additional letters or words on your files, they have been compromised in one way or another. Asking “what is Cyborg ransomware?” also answers the question, “what is ransomware?” because, for the most part, they all work the same way because the majority of the ransomware attack that circulates come from the same source with small edits on the details.

What happens when you are under a ransomware attack?

Now that you know the answer to “what is Cyborg ransomware?”, the next step is to understand how it works. Like all ransomware, for the code to work, it must be downloaded into the OS, or operating system, of its target. Current virus threats come in many shapes and forms as it has evolved with time to keep with the trends on the internet but the bulk of it comes from emails. The victim receives a fraudulent email that has the link or the actual downloadable file to software that starts the encryption. The contents of the email vary depending on the target scope of the hacker. For instance, hackers earmarking business owners probably claim to be banks with promos or services that might be useful such as accounting and deliveries and such. Once the encryption has been enabled, it would run through the whole system barring the owner access to their files. Once completed, it will show the victim a message that informs them how much and how to transfer the ransom to the malicious programmer that demands it, claiming that once the payment goes through they will decrypt the files which will unlock the files and return it back to its owner.

What do you do when you get attacked?

If after all preventive measures have been taken and a Cyborg ransomware attack slips through your defenses, all responsible owners must know what actions to take moving forward. The first rule is to keep calm. Making rash decisions in a stressed state might only result in more trouble. It is smarter, therefore, to take a minute to step back, breathe, and gather your thoughts. Once you’ve calmed, you can make more rational decisions that can get you started in dealing with this problem.

Many, if not all, cybercrime authorities have highly advised against paying the ransom. Obviously, victims with more to lose such as business owners and high-powered office workers are more likely to decide to just pay and get it over with. However, one too many times, cybercriminals do not fulfill their end of the bargain and disappear after their payment is processed leaving the victims hanging. Therefore, the best way to deal with a ransomware attack is to counter it with anti-malware services. There are hundreds of them available on the internet that can serve as your precaution, prevention, and solution. Anti-ransomware services can reverse and work around the problem and solve the issue as well as prevent it from happening in the first place.

For more information on anti-ransomware services, visit Comodo Cybersecurity today!

What are the two main types of ransomware?

How many types of ransomware are there

Ransomware has caused so much trouble to computer systems all over the world. Technology and computer experts always remind us to pay attention to the threats and dangers of ransomware as well as other malware in the digital world. Being updated on issues like this makes us better computer and Internet users.

This article answers the question of how many types of ransomware are there. Knowing this information can help users like you know which action to take in ensuring your security online. Also, this article explains what is ransomware doing to your devices and what could a ransomware attack mean to your computers?

How many types of ransomware are there

What is ransomware?

Before answering the “question how many types of ransomware are there?” It is crucial that we first understand the question “what is ransomware?” Ransomware is considered by many as a real and dangerous threat. It is the term used to refer to various kinds of malware where the hackers would ask for a ransom in exchange for file or data decryption.

There are multiple ways in which a ransomware attack happens. One way is to encrypt all the data stored in the computer or device which can only be decrypted through a program written by the hackers. Another way is that the ransomware locks out users from their own computers and devices.

It is important to remember that authorities recommend not communicating with the hackers. If you have read a ransom note in your device, you should not respond. There is no guarantee that paying the ransom could decrypt the files corrupted. Also, paying the ransom is similar to funding these criminals.

Why should you be worried?

Instead of asking yourself “how many types of ransomware are there,” it is better that you understand the gravity of a ransomware attack. It is important for you to know what is ransomware capable of doing to your files and devices. Ransomware attacks have happened in the past. It has targeted government offices. It has created problems for government officials. There are even reports claiming that people working from their home because of the pandemic are seen as the next target of ransomware. This means that every ordinary citizen like us can be targeted by this ransomware.

As mentioned above, ransomware works through encrypting our files and data. Once encrypted, we can no longer view or use our files. This is particularly problematic for those who store pertinent files into their computers. Ransomware could practically delete your files.

What to do to fight ransomware?

There are multiple ways to fight ransomware. First is to do backups in your devices. Make sure that your data is not only in a single device. This is to ensure that you have a way to recover your lost data. Another step is to update your operating system. Your OS companies often include security patches in their update. These security patches can help thwart any attack.

Also, you can purchase a reliable antivirus program that would ensure the protection of all our devices. An antivirus application could make sure that you do not accidentally download or install suspicious software. This is particularly helpful for those who find it daunting and hard to read about online security and threats.

How do we proceed from here?

Aside from asking the question of how many types of ransomware are there, you also have to know the dangers of ransomware. Knowing about this information could help you make the best decision when it comes to your computer system and other devices.

As discussed above, it is really not important to talk about the number of various types of ransomware. It is more important that we act vigilantly thinking that there are thousands of powerful threats online. Adapting this thinking would make us extra careful in using our devices as well as ensuring that no malware enters our computer system.

Find the best antivirus program today. Contact Comodo Cybersecurity today!

How Does Ransomware Work?

How ransomware works

One of the many downsides of improving technology is the threat that comes with it. And though threats are available in several forms, this text is devoted to discussing how ransomware works.

At its core, ransomware could be a malicious software package that’s created to hack an ADPS and reverses only a paid ad. Think about it like the snatch, solely during this example, your system and information area unit control captive rather than an individual.

In other words, most ransomware things mean that your files are unit encrypted, and only payment is created so you can gain access to your files once more.

How ransomware works

Whereas this is often clearly harassment, it’s even scarier for folks, businesses, and types whose computers have further confidential information. Whether or not this area unit intimate videos, company complete books, or health records, nobody ought to be ready to lawlessly access what isn’t meant for public consumption

How ransomware works and what you should do to avoid it

The truth is, ransomware creators are incredibly smart and advanced. So much so, that there is no end in sight to all these threats. On the contrary, businesses, individual creatives, freelancers, and students are called to take extra precautions themselves.

How to detect ransomware can be challenging in that being extra careful yourself can only take you so far.

Ransomware removal isn’t always breezy, too. Many companies and solo users have fallen prey to these kinds of attacks and have been forced to pay a fee in exchange for data and access to their own computers. How ransomware works can be deceitful as it doesn’t automatically manifest on your computer right away.

Like bodily germs, there are a number of ways ransomware can enter your system. However, the most popular one is through email attachments and spam mail. Once the malware is downloaded on your computer, that’s when the action begins.

Another way ransomware can penetrate your network is through malware advertising or malvertising. This is why understanding how ransomware works is crucial. Because by simply clicking on random links and downloading non-suspicious-looking files, you can already acquire the malware.

USB drives are also a popular way of transmission, so be extra careful with what you insert on your laptops and desktops. Commonly, the malicious software slides into your system by virtue of a zip folder or other safe-looking downloadable attachments. Furthermore, high-end versions have also been on the rise lately.

Although users generally have to give access to administrative controls to this malware, drive-by attacks no longer need this kind of enablement.

Useful tips to steer clear from the malware

Again, it’s always best to be alert when it comes to downloading attachments and clicking on links, especially those that are overtly shady and malicious. Still, common sense can only take us so far.

How to detect ransomware, as mentioned, can be challenging, as that’s just how ransomware works. So the safest way to prevent this is by subscribing to a cybersecurity plan.

For instance, the Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection is a superb way to steer clear from digital threats and ransomware attacks. This is perfect for those who manage a team or a substantial number of people. Whether you run a startup or manage a school paper, being prepared and going the extra mile by putting in place anti-ransomware technology should never be underestimated.

Ransomware in numbers

According to a study, about nearly 5,000 ransomware attacks were experienced every day in the U.S. alone in 2015. Moreover, news sources also reveal that over $1 billion worth of ransoms from ransomware occurrences have been paid for in 2016.

More than anything, understanding how ransomware works can help you go about your commuting activities. Sure, studying ransomware removal techniques is helpful, but no cure has to be explored when you’re careful enough to prevent disease. Ransomware removal can be draining, both financially and emotionally, so the last thing you’d want is to suffer the consequences of this kind of attack.

Indeed, the best remedy to all of this isn’t just learning how to detect ransomware—it’s understanding how ransomware works. The more knowledgeable you are about how cunning this malware is, the easier it will be for you to know what to avoid.

Again, don’t be complacent. Research antivirus packages that also cover ransomware protection. If not, look for cybersecurity brands that avoid, prevent, and have sufficient and competent technology to detect it.

Looking for affordable but award-winning cybersecurity protection? Sign up with Comodo Cybersecurity today!

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What is Zeus Trojan Malware?

Zeus Virus
Zeus Virus

First detected in 2007, Zeus is a malware tool kit that runs on Windows version also known as Zbot, and enables the hackers to generate a new trojan horse.

Trojan horse looks genuine on the internet, but in reality it’s a dangerous malware. This enables non-programmers to buy Zeus in the black market and perform cybercrimes against their target victim. Per the 2010 reports, a Zeus package starts at about $3,000 and if there is a requirement of any extra modules, it goes up to $10000.

What is Zeus Trojan? It is used to gain access to banking credentials through keystroke logging, man-in-the-middle attacks, it is also deployed to install the CryptoLocker ransomware.

What Zeus Virus Does to Computers?

Zeus has two key capabilities:

It creates a botnet by a secretly formed network of corrupted machines controlled and monitored by a command and control server and a malicious author. The malware author typically steals an enormous amount of information and also performs attacks on a large-scale.

Zeus behaves as a financial service Trojan developed by the hackers to steal banking details from infected devices. The malware author performs the attacks through keylogging and website monitoring, which enables the malware to identify when the user is on a banking website so it can document the keystrokes used while logging in. The trojan then escapes the existing website security as the login keystrokes were already recorded once the user attempts to enter the banking website.

There are a range of Zeus variants that can affect mobile devices, in an attempt to gain access to two-factor authentication.

Initially, Trojans only affected computers that run on Microsoft Windows OS, however, the latest versions have evolved to attack and infect Android devices, Symbian and Blackberry devices. The Malware author unveiled the source code of Zeus to the public in 2011. This gave way to the creation of new variants of the Zeus Trojan.

How the Zeus Virus Infects Computers?

The Zeus Virus is comprised of two key techniques of infection

  • Drive-by-downloads
  • Spam Messages


Malware authors attempt to infect websites by inserting the Zeus code into a website that the users trusts to be genuine. The malware gets installed into the website when the user enters the website.

Spam Messages

Hackers or cyber criminals send spam messages through phishing emails, and malicious social media campaigns that intend to spread malicious infection through messages and social media posts. The emails look genuine and when users click on the link in the message or email, they are redirected to a malicious website. Zeus is robust and efficient, and is configured to gain access to social media and email login details enabling the malicious botnet to send spam messages from genuine sources hence the scope of infecting the victims go high.

Who is the Zeus trojan targeting?

Any Windows user can be a victim of the Zeus botnet. Zeus has infected a huge amount of PCs with different versions.

Since its inception, Zbot has been leveraged to steal confidential data from The Bank of America, US Department of Transportation, NASA, and private companies like ABC, Oracle, Amazon and Cisco.

How to prevent the Zeus trojan Using Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection?

Endpoint Protection delivers complete protection, even against the most threatening zero-day and unknown threats. Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP) features Default Deny Security with Default Allow Usability. This solution denies unknown suspicious files from running on a virtual container called the sandboxed environment, where the unknown files are executed without affecting the user experience. IT and security management platform assists devices of the OS (Linux, Windows, Linux, Android, OSX, and iOS devices that are inter-linked to all the physical and virtual networks.

It is essential to understand the key features of a security product – to decide if the product is all good to match your business requirements. Choosing and identifying the right and reliable product is certainly a main criteria to provide complete protection to the endpoints. To fend of the brute forces it is essential to equip the security arsenal with Comodo Endpoint protection as it integrates some of the future-proof security techniques like default deny solution, along with containment technology to deliver protection and absolutely deny malicious activities.
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What to do if your company gets hacked?

What is Malware?

Based on statistics it’s likely your company will come under the attack of hackers and cybercriminals at some point. In the UK, for example, 43% of businesses that participated in the Cyber Security Breaches 2018 survey reported that they’ve experienced a breach or an attack in that year alone.

It is important for companies to prepare for an attack now. Comodo Cybersecurity show you how to remediate and mitigate against these attacks.

3 Tips for Maximizing Cyber Crisis Management Efforts

1. Invest in Advanced Detection and Remediation Tools

The Ponemon Institute’s research showed that the faster a breach is identified and contained, the lower the costs the company incurs. A company that identifies a data breach saves $1 million if they see the issue within 100 days. Containing the cause of the breach is another matter. An organization that contains a breach within 30 days manages to save $1 million more in expenses that those that took longer.

In order to meet those timetables or even avoid encountering a breach altogether, companies need to invest in advanced network and endpoint security. Advanced scanning tools found in such blended solutions have a much higher chance of catching the root cause of breaches.

One such solution comes from Comodo. Comodo uses a Default Deny Approach in handling malware.  Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection prevents breaches by immediately containing 100% executed unknown files until a trusted verdict is returned. When an unknown file, a potential malicious threat, attempts to execute on an endpoint, the file is immediately encapsulated by Auto-Containment Technology, while users can still run and open the unknown file without harm. While files are in Auto-Containment, they are sent to Comodo’s verdicting engine to be dynamically and statically analyzed in the cloud. 95% of unknown files return a verdict in under 45 seconds. The additional 5% of unknown files that need further investigation are sent to Comodo human analysts who return a verdict in less than 4 hours.

2. Form an Incident Response Team

The Ponemon Institute saw a $14 per record cost reduction during a breach for companies that had incident response teams during the crisis. According to the study, the average cost a company pays per member record compromised is $148. This is substantial if you think about the Equifax breach which affected at least 145.5 million users in the US. Based on the $148 cost per compromised record figure, Equifax should be spending around $21 billion. If Equifax had an incident response team during the time of the breach, they would have saved $2.3 billion.

3. Use Strong Encryption for Assets

Extensive use of encryption also saves companies $13 per member record compromised and possibly even more. A single cyber-attack can also lead to another since the threat actors can plant their assets into the system. These assets, like malware, can re-infect the system and open backdoors for another attack against the network.

What To Do in The First Minutes of an Attack

The employee who encounters the threat first needs to alert the IT and management teams.

When an employee encounters something irregular with their computer, they need to notify the IT team immediately. It doesn’t matter if it’s a false alarm, but if something is out of the ordinary, the techs need to know. There are times hackers and threat actors keep their attacks under the radar so they can steal data without issue. No one should take any irregularity for granted.

IT staff must disconnect the computer from the network and start documentation of the infection.

Once the tech team identifies the compromised computer, they need to remove it from the network immediately. They should start unplugging the LAN cables and move to contain the threat inside the unit. Aside from containing the threat, they will need to check nearby units for infection.

The company should check their backups in the cloud.

A member of the IT team needs to go to their existing backups and make sure they are not compromised in any way. The integrity of the backups will ensure the continuity of business operations after the attack is over and the team contains the bad actors.

The IT team on-site should start implementing cyber security protocols.

If a company creates a cyber security response plan, there should be rules and procedures for how to treat the first minutes of the discovery of a cyber-attack. If the incident response team is not yet on site, the first responders should start implementing what’s stated in the plan. If the plan calls for the scene of the cybercrime to be cordoned off, the IT team should preserve the integrity of that particular part of the network.

The IT team should call the attention of the employees and educate them about the attack or infection.

The company should immediately inform their affected employees about the cyber-attack. Human error can serve as the root cause of a breach and it can also definitely worsen a crisis. Employees need to learn how to act during such a situation in order to minimize and prevent further damage. For example, if the source of the threat is a phishing email, IT staff should immediately inform employees not to click or open a particular message to avoid any malware from spilling onto more computers.

Use security systems to track potential malicious assets.

Companies with security operations centers or blended solutions like Comodo Endpoint Security should definitely use their resources to make sure the threat is controlled. As we have previously mentioned, re-infection can still happen and it’s best that all trace of malware or security vulnerability be controlled as soon as the issue stabilizes.

How to Handle the Aftermath of a Cyber Attack

Once a breach or an attack happens, the company should try to resolve the issue in 30 days or less. During that time, the team should follow these steps in order to mitigate against all forms of damage:

Convene the Incident Response Team

The incident response team should be composed of an incident response manager, who may or may not be your CISO, several cybersecurity analysts and threat researchers. They’ll be at the heart of the investigation and also the ones coordinating with the representatives of the company’s various stakeholders. These representatives should hail from management, human resources, risk assessors, lawyers, and public relations experts. The internal tech team will investigate the cyber-attack while the other representatives will be there to support the work and to mitigate the kinds of damage that the company will encounter.

Cordon Off Assets and Ensure Cyber Security Integrity

The team should immediately control the scene and cut off part of the network that had been compromised. They also need to make sure that the root cause or causes of the attack or the breach aren’t still lingering in the system.

Once they ascertain everything is safe and that first responders or themselves have properly documented the incident, they’ll have to look at all of the assets within the company and check for damage. They should start consulting their detection technologies to make sure there are no additional threats within the network.

After the network has been secured, the team will need to help ensure that systems critical to business operations could be restored immediately. This step is crucial since stopping operations will only hurt the company more.

Document and Investigate

The investigating team will need to walk back through the incident to establish the facts. They’ll have to check what happened during the discovery of the attack and how the attack unfolded later on. These investigators also need to establish the kind of attack and its root causes.

Aside from reconstructing the narrative behind the cybercrime, the team should also document every step of the investigation. The investigation should always follow the steps prescribed by the cybersecurity plan and work in alignment with existing company policies every step of the way. This is important since auditors and investigators from the government will verify and check the extent of actions the company has taken to investigate and remediate the issue.

The team will also have to be sensitive about who they share the information with. Attacks and breaches can occur because of malicious insiders within the company. Once the team identifies who the culprit is behind the attack and who the accomplices are, the team should work with HR to ensure that the people are held accountable in accordance to company policy and the law.

Inform Law Enforcement and the Authorities

When a cyber-attack occurs, law enforcement must enter the picture as soon as possible. The problem with delaying this particular step is that it could be taken as a sign of culpability in the attack. Companies don’t report to the law following an attack because they think investigations can put a halt to operations. Agencies like the FBI will work in a non-disruptive way and cooperate with the victims of an attack.

Notify the Public Regarding the Attack and Engage with Media

There are some breaches that your company will be able to resolve in time before they blow up and no consumers get affected. When that’s the case, these breaches and attacks could be resolved without notifying the public. However, when customers will be affected by a breach, like in service businesses which actively engage with their clients, the company must make a disclosure.

When this happens, the company should own and control the narrative. The incident response team, together with the managers and people from human resources, should have a meeting before the disclosure to talk about every angle of the incident. The team should also stay in contact with a public relations expert who will help them manage how the company is portrayed in the media.

Follow Compliance Requirements After an Attack

Governments and states have become more sensitive to issues of breaches and attacks. Lawmakers have started making laws and policies which make companies accountable for any lack of preparation for the attacks carried out against their systems. In light of these regulations, companies need to make sure they conform to every letter of these requirements to avoid extensive penalties.

A major part of these regulations are the notification requirements. Certain laws like the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation require companies to report to their clients about the breach within a 72-hour window.

Prep for Legal Consequences

The cold hard reality about a cyber-attack is that a company will never be fully prepared for one and all an organization can do in the aftermath of an attack is to do damage control. After your incident response team concludes its investigation, manages the story, and repairs the damage to structures within the company, they’ll have to work with the company’s legal team. The government or an individual will hold the company liable and there will be legal ramifications to what transpired.

The steps above should help you and your company weather the storm immediately after and within a month of a cyber-attack. This 30-day timeline is actually shorter than the actual period that a threat statistically lies dormant within a system which is around 180 days. That’s half a year that companies could actually have spent in mounting credible and proactive defenses against these threats.

If you’d rather avoid a cybersecurity breach entirely and prevent damage to your company’s reputation and finances, it’s time you invest in Comodo Cybersecurity’s Endpoint Protection System. Comodo Advanced Endpoint Protection (AEP) is designed on the notion that endpoint protection platforms must always verify and never trust unknown executables until proven safe with 100% verdicts, 100% of the time. By eliminating the “fear of the unknown,” Comodo AEP can prevent organizations from being breached, without impacting end user productivity.

Please call our hotline at +1 (888) 551-1531 or send us a message at sales@comodo.com to get a free trial of Comodo’s cybersecurity solutions today.

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What is a keylogger and how does it work?

what is a keylogger malware

What is a Keylogger? It is also termed Keystroke Logger, developed to monitor and record the keystrokes that the user enters through the keyboard. Keyloggers are also available to monitor keystrokes from smartphones – iPhone and Android. A keystroke may be a password or username or even the most confidential banking information.

The keyloggers are installed along with the regular functioning program and it does not appear to look dangerous.

What Does a Keylogger Trojan Do?

A keylogger monitors each keystroke of the user. The malware keeps track of the keystroke and saves the user’s information locally – later the hacker requires physical access to retriever the stored user information. It also works the other way where the hacker can gain instant access to the user data through the Internet.

Some keyloggers are programmed to record/log the keystrokes only after a certain activity is initiated. For instance, the keylogger program would start recording only when the user opens the browser to access a specific website.

How Do Keyloggers Get on the user’s Computer?

When the user has an outdated antivirus, or when the antivirus is turned off or if the user has not got it installed, keylogger finds its way to reach the computer. Virus protection tools are to be kept up-to-date and if not done, they cannot defend or deny such keylogging activities.

Another possible way is that the keyloggers find a way through .exe files. However, it is not possible to restrict or limit to deny .exe files just to avoid keyloggers as most of the important programs run through .exe files.

Programs That Can Remove a Keylogger Virus

There is a wide variety of protection software available both free and paid to fit your specific requirements. Ensure there is an updated Antivirus to drive away the keylogger.

A centralized approach to protecting all the endpoints – servers, laptops, desktops, smartphones and other IoT devices like Comodo Endpoint Protection would help the users to fend against such keylogging activities. It delivers total protection for corporate networks when it is accessed through remote devices. It offers 7-layer protection with containment technology, Web URL Filtering, Firewall, Antivirus, Host Intrusion Prevention and Viruscope.

The best part of Comodo Endpoint Protection is the containment technology that works on Artificial Intelligence, it moves the suspicious files to a virtual environment so it doesn’t interfere with the normal operations of the computer. This is also combined with a future-proof concept called viruscope that helps to analyze the suspicious files while it generates a report for the user to understand about the actions and processes of the suspicious files. By this way, users can certainly stay ahead of threats like keylogger malware.

keylogger malware
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