What is network access control and how does it work?July 22, 2021 | By Comodo
What is Network Access Control?
Network access control (NAC) refers to a method that helps in boosting the safety of a patented network by limiting the availability of network resources to endpoint protection devices that follow a defined security policy.
A conventional network access server (NAS) is one that can carry out functions like authentication and authorization for potential users by confirming logon information. NAC additionally restricts the info which will be accessed by individual users and implements anti-threat applications like antivirus computer code, firewalls, and spyware detection programs. NAC regulates and prohibits the items individual subscribers can do once they get connected. NAC products are introduced by a variety of leading networking and IT vendors.
NAC is perfect for agencies and corporations where it is possible to rigidly control the user environment. A few administrators have indeed stated their doubt about the usefulness of NAC deployment in networks with huge numbers of diverse devices and users, the nature of which change on a constant basis. An example here refers to a network for a large university with numerous access points, multiple departments, and thousands of users with different objectives and backgrounds.
Why is it Important to have a NAC solution?
It is becoming a growing necessity to possess the tools providing the access control, visibility, and compliance capabilities essential for strengthening network security infrastructure. This is true because organizations are now expected to account for the exponential growth of mobile devices accessing their networks and the security risks they bring.
A NAC system is important at it will deny network access to noncompliant devices, give them only restricted access to computing resources, or place them in a quarantined area, thus keeping insecure nodes from infecting the network.
What are the General Capabilities of a NAC solution?
NAC solutions have the potential to help organizations control access to their networks via the following capabilities:
- Guest networking access: Takes care of guests via a customizable, self-service portal that comprises of guest authentication, guest sponsoring, guest registration, and a guest management portal.
- Security posture check: Assesses security-policy compliance by device type, user type, and operating system.
- Incidence response: This involves mitigating network-based threats by employing security policies capable of blocking, isolating, and repairing noncompliant machines without administrator attention.
- Bidirectional integration: With NAC, it is possible to incorporate with other security and network solutions via the open/RESTful API.
- Policy life-cycle management: Enforces policies for all operating scenarios without the need for separate products or additional modules.
- Profiling and visibility: Recognizes and profiles users and their devices before any damage can be caused by malicious code.
What is Endpoint Network Security?
Endpoint network security protects a corporate network via focusing on network devices (endpoints) by monitoring their activities, software, status, authentication, and authorization.
Why is Endpoint Security Important?
Endpoint security is considered to be an increasingly vital element for corporate networks as an increasing number of employees and authorized outsiders (including, consultants, customers, business partners, and clients) are granted network access via the Internet and/or a wide range of mobile devices.
Technological advances are boosting the development of endpoint protection. Security elements presently comprise of intrusion protection and prevention, and also behavior blocking software that will help monitor endpoint protection device activities for unofficial applications or malicious intent.
There are a few complex endpoint protection programs that focus on user device authentication. As a user tries to login, credentials are validated, following which the device is scanned for compliance with corporate policies, which may include a scan for unlicensed software, antivirus software, a firewall, updated virtual private network (VPN), mandatory corporate software and an approved operating system (OS). Devices that do not meet such corporate policies may be given limited access or quarantined. This is called network access control (NAC), which is used for unifying many elements of endpoint network security. Access is mostly provided according to the user’s profile. For instance, a human resources (HR) employee may be granted only general access to a network and HR department files.
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